• Title English : Speech of voluntary servitudex
• Author : Etienne de La Boétie
• Pages : 75 Sheet
• Publisher : J’ai lu [I have read] (January 3, 2018)
• Collection : Librio Philosophie
• ISBN-10: 2290158070
• ISBN-13: 978-2290158074
• Product Dimensions : 20,4 x 0,7 x 12,9 cm
• Format Kindle : Mobipocket, PDF, DOCx and iBook
• Price : €
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♦ Description : “The servitude of the peoples is voluntary: they accept the yoke of the powerful, but go against their nature. To free oneself from the grip of the tyrant, there is no need for violence: it is enough for men to make friends rather than accomplices. Written in 1548, while La Boétie was only eighteen, this text, also called Contr’Un, is part of the renewal of political sensitivity in the sixteenth century and seeks in individual behavior causes of tyranny . It is followed by Freedom among the ancients and the moderns: three centuries later, Benjamin Constant shows that each form of freedom corresponds to a form of servitude – non-existence of individual liberties among the ancients, abandonment of the political sphere in the Moderns. A founding speech of liberal thought. These words of astonishing modernity are illustrated by the famous fable of La Fontaine The Wolf and the Dog.”
“Etienne de la Boétie (1530-1563) French humanist and poet, he is often considered as the first of the Moderns. His friendship with Montaigne passed to posterity thanks to the Essais, in which the latter pays homage to him.
Étienne de la Boétie is a humanist writer and a French poet. His father is a lieutenant of a seneschal of Périgord. He studied at the college of Guyenne (the most brilliant college of the South) and studied law in Orleans. The law school is at the same time a school of philosophy (particularly Averroist) and is an active center for the dissemination of humanism and even of the Reformation.
At twenty-three years old, Boétie is an adviser to the Bordeaux Parliament. He is the colleague of Montaigne to whom he inspires a passionate friendship and who pays tribute to him in his “Essays”. He is a supporter of the moderate theses of Michel de l’Hospital.
Poet, author of many sonnets, Latin verses, translations of Xenophon and Plutarch, he is best known for his “Contr’un” or “Discourse on Voluntary Servitude” which, without defending a particular political system, constitutes a very severe criticism against tyranny.
He died on August 18, 1563, at the age of thirty-three. The “Contr’un” is published only after his death, in 1574 in a collective collection of Protestant inspiration, The alarm-morning of the French. The text was reprinted at each period of struggle for democracy (in 1789, in 1835, in 1857 against Napoleon III).